Removal of Residual Char Fines from Pyrolysis Vapors by Hot Gas Filtration

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    An NREL-designed vortex reactor fast pyrolysis process development unit (PDU) has been used to investigate hot gas filtration of biomass pyrolysis vapors. Most of the experimental work employed a conventional baghouse type of filter that used NEXTEL(TM) ceramic cloth filter bags as the filter medium. A series of experimental runs demonstrated that hot gas filtered biocrude oils having less than10 ppm of total alkali could be reproducibly made. Removal of the char cake from the filter elements proved to be a difficult problem. The char appears to become progressively more sintered to itself and the filter as a function of the cumulative biomass processed. Controlled oxidation does remove this dense char from the filters, but leaves residual ash on the filter cloth fibers. This ash mayin turn cause subsequent biomass pyrolysis vapors that pass through the filter to produce additional char (coke) in the interstices of the filter cloth. Data are presented that suggest this char formation may contribute to a more rapid rise in the rate of filter blinding as measured by the increase in recovered filter pressure drop.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Title of host publicationDevelopments in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion
    EditorsA. V. Bridgwater, D. G. B. Boocock
    PagesVol. I: 253-266
    StatePublished - 1997

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/CH-431-20386


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