Research Priorities and Opportunities in United States Wholesale Electricity Markets

Yinong Sun, Bethany Frew, Todd Levin, Robin Hytowitz, Jonghwan Kwon, Andrew Mills, Qingyu Xu, Majid Heidarifar, Nikita Singhal, Phillip de Mello, Erik Ela, Audun Botterud, Zhi Zhou, Ben Hobbs, Cristina Crespo Montanes

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The ongoing transformation of the power system presents numerous technical, economic, implementation, and policy challenges for power system operators. To help address these challenges, a collaboration between five research institutions has been established to provide technical assistance to the seven U.S. Independent System Operators (ISOs) and Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs). The three-year project aims to leverage the advanced methods, tools, datasets and resources of the collaborators to provide robust analytical support to address high priority market challenges that will be faced in the 2-10 year time horizon. This report, which is the first product of this collaboration, details six high-level topic areas related to challenges associated with wholesale electricity market design.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages102
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-77521


  • emerging technology
  • price formation
  • reliability services
  • research priority
  • resource adequacy
  • transmission expansion planning
  • transmission-distribution coordination
  • wholesale electricity market


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