Resilient Operation of Power Distribution Systems Using MPC-Based Critical Service Restoration

Abinet Eseye, Bernard Knueven, Xiangyu Zhang, Matthew Reynolds, Wesley Jones

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations


Power distribution systems are more prone to disruptions and cause most power system outages. We propose a service restoration technique to recover the system service (electricity delivery) following an extreme event-triggered substation outage. The proposed technique considers the problem of controlling distributed energy resources (DERs) of a distribution system with the objective of achieving maximum load pick up while satisfying network flow and voltage constraints. The problem is formulated as a model predictive control (MPC), where a linearized optimal power flow (OPF) model is employed to describe the network. The formulation is augmented with a ramping (up) reserve product for the DERs to ensure an upward monotonic load restoration as time evolves. We perform simulations considering the IEEE 13-bus test feeder integrated with wind, solar, microturbine, and energy storage devices. We demonstrate the efficacy of the devised technique in restoring the system loads monotonically, without shedding previously restored loads. We also show the benefit of co-optimization of power and reserve products for DERs on service restoration. In addition, the capability of the technique in regulating nodal voltages and reducing renewable power curtailment is demonstrated.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Event13th Annual IEEE Green Technologies Conference, GREENTECH 2021 - Denver, United States
Duration: 7 Apr 20219 Apr 2021


Conference13th Annual IEEE Green Technologies Conference, GREENTECH 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-2C00-78359 for preprint

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-2C00-80859


  • DER
  • Distribution system
  • Extreme event
  • MPC
  • OPF
  • Optimization
  • Reserve
  • Resiliency
  • Service restoration


Dive into the research topics of 'Resilient Operation of Power Distribution Systems Using MPC-Based Critical Service Restoration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this