Review of Wind-Wave Coupling Models for Large-Eddy Simulation of the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer

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20 Scopus Citations

Abstract

We present a review of existing wind-wave coupling models and parameterizations used for large-eddy simulation of the marine atmospheric boundary layer. The models are classified into two main categories: (i) the wavephase-averaged, sea surface-roughness models and (ii) the wave-phase-resolved models. Both categories are discussed from their implementation, validity, and computational efficiency viewpoints, with emphasis given on their applicability in offshore wind energy problems. In addition to the various models discussed, a review of laboratory-scale and field-measurement databases is presented thereafter. Themajority of the presented data have been gathered over many decades of studying air-sea interaction phenomena, with the most recent ones compiled to reflect an offshore wind energy perspective. Both provide valuable data for model validation. We also discuss the modeling knowledge gaps and computational challenges ahead.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3025-3045
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Volume78
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Meteorological Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-78945

Keywords

  • Atmosphere-ocean interaction
  • Large-eddy simulations
  • Marine boundary layer
  • Parameterization
  • Renewable energy
  • Wind waves

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