Reviewing and Exploring the Qualitative Impacts that Different Market and Regulatory Measures can have on Encouraging Energy Communities Based on their Organizational Structure: Article No. 2016

Josh Eichman, Marc Torrecillas Castello, Cristina Corchero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus Citations

Abstract

The emergence of energy communities represents a promising option to democratize the energy system by empowering consumers to take a more active role. This can aid in achieving energy and environmental goals as well as encouraging more equitable distribution of costs and revenues between all parties on the energy system. Despite this potential, energy communities are still a nascent solution, the success of which is heavily influenced by regulations. As a result, there are a wide variety of organizational structures for energy communities at this time. This paper provides a review of the policy landscape in Spain as it relates to energy communities. This work also presents a formalized method for characterizing different energy community structures and provides a qualitative assessment of the impacts of different measures to encourage energy communities with respect to their organizational structure. Findings suggest that many market-focused measures, including wholesale, local flexibility, capacity, and multisector market measures favor larger, more integrated communities, while regulatory, legal, and organizational measures, including peer-to-peer trading, aggregation, and self-consumption favor smaller, more distributed communities. Additionally, when developing policies to encourage the growth of energy communities, policymakers should be cognizant of the progression of policies in the context of the desired outcomes for energy community growth specific to the region or country and its goals.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages19
JournalEnergies
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-82543

Keywords

  • citizen energy community
  • energy community
  • implementation measures
  • implementation strategies
  • market measures
  • organizational structure
  • policymakers
  • regulatory measures
  • renewable energy community

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