Scalable Fabrication of Perovskite Solar Cells

Kai Zhu, Talysa Klein, Mengjin Yang, Joseph Berry, Marinus Van Hest, Zhen Li, Donghoe Kim

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752 Scopus Citations


Perovskite materials use earth-abundant elements, have low formation energies for deposition and are compatible with roll-to-roll and other high-volume manufacturing techniques. These features make perovskite solar cells (PSCs) suitable for terawatt-scale energy production with low production costs and low capital expenditure. Demonstrations of performance comparable to that of other thin-film photovoltaics (PVs) and improvements in laboratory-scale cell stability have recently made scale up of this PV technology an intense area of research focus. Here, we review recent progress and challenges in scaling up PSCs and related efforts to enable the terawatt-scale manufacturing and deployment of this PV technology. We discuss common device and module architectures, scalable deposition methods and progress in the scalable deposition of perovskite and charge-transport layers. We also provide an overview of device and module stability, module-level characterization techniques and techno-economic analyses of perovskite PV modules.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number18017
JournalNature Reviews Materials
StatePublished - 27 Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Nature Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-70427


  • materials chemistry
  • perovskites
  • solar cells


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