Seminar 13 - Advanced Methods for Grid Integration of High-Performance Residential Communities

Research output: NRELPresentation


High-performance residential communities such as net-zero energy (NZE) and NZE-ready communities are emerging across the United States as many cities and states have committed to achieve ambitious energy efficiency and renewable energy goals between now and 2050. The achievement of these goals will transform the nation's communities into the holistic paradigms consisting of pervasive solar photovoltaics (PVs) and other renewable distributed energy resources, energy storage and flexible loads. However, integrating residential communities with high PV penetration may bring many challenges to the grid. For example, during many hours of the year, electric power is flowing out of PV-enabled homes and back into the grid. When this happens simultaneously in many nearby homes, distribution feeder voltage can be raised significantly. Intermittent solar power can also cause voltage flickers, leading to potential damages on both distribution feeder and home appliances. Existing solutions, such as PV curtailment, battery storage, and direct load control, are not able to address all the challenges in a cost-effective way. Better understanding is needed on how to deploy rooftop PV, how to predict building loads, and how to coordinate the homes in a community to enhance grid reliability. This seminar consists of four integral presentations that cover different aspects of a solution to these challenges. First, we will present an automated method to identify the best surfaces to deploy PV and size PV according to the PV penetration goals in a community. Second, we will present a streamlined way to create gray-box building models that are suitable for large-scale building-grid co-simulation. Next, we will present a data-driven method to estimate the end-use energy consumption to better coordinate the behind-the-meter resources to reduce utility cost, provide grid services, and improve renewable energy integration. Lastly, we will present a hierarchical control system that integrates the building models and the estimated non-dispatchable loads into the decision-making process to enhance the reliability and resilience of the residential community. Simulation results from an NZE-ready community in Fort Collins, Colorado will be presented in all four presentations and the guidelines on better grid integration of residential communities will be provided.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages48
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2019 ASHRAE Building Performance Analysis Conference, 25-27 September 2019, Denver, Colorado

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5500-74946


  • building control
  • grid integration
  • net zero energy
  • PV
  • residential community


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