SHARP-Net: Platform for Self-Healing and Attack Resilient PMU Networks

Vivek Singh, Evan Vaughan, Joshua Rivera

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

12 Scopus Citations


Synchrophasor technology plays a pivotal role in developing the next generation of wide-area monitoring, protection, and control in the smart grid environment. As technology and communications infrastructures evolve, however, so do the attack surfaces in the synchrophasor network that can be exploited by advanced persistent threat (APT) actors to affect power system stability and reliability. In this paper, we propose a novel platform for developing a self-healing and attack-resilient PMU network (SHARP-Net) by instituting a state-of-the-art intrusion detection system (IDS) with an intrusion mitigation system (IMS) and an alert management system (AMS). In particular, the proposed platform detects anomalies during cyberattacks on phasor data concentrators (PDCs) based on the rules defined in the IDS, then the generated alerts are published to the IMS through the AMS. The proposed IMS proceeds to take automated corrective responses to mitigate cyberattacks by reconfiguring the synchrophasor network to isolate the compromised PDCs, and it orchestrates new PDCs to prevent the future propagation of attacks. Further, the IMS restores the system's observability by reconnecting the new PDCs to make the grid attack-resilient. In this work, the SHARP-Net platform is developed by using Python-based libraries, minimega's software-defined network, and virtual machine orchestration. We implement and validate the proposed SHARP-Net architecture by testing a PMU network in the smart grid environment. SHARP-Net showed promising performance in detecting cyberattacks and mitigating them through the network reconfiguration.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Feb 2020
Event2020 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2020 - Washington, United States
Duration: 17 Feb 202020 Feb 2020


Conference2020 IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5R00-74646


  • computer architecture
  • computer crime
  • IP networks
  • phasor measurement units
  • software
  • substations
  • virtual machining


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