Short-Term Forecasting of Inertial Response from a Wind Power Plant: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The total inertia stored in all rotating masses (synchronous generators, induction motors, etc.) connected to a power system grid is an essential force that keeps the system stable after disturbances. Power systems have been experiencing reduced inertia during the past few decades [1]. This trend will continue as the level of renewable generation (e.g., wind and solar) increases. Wind power plants (WPPs) and other renewable power plants with power electronic interfaces are capable of delivering frequency response (both droop and/or inertial response) by a control action; thus, the reduction in available online inertia can be compensated by designing the plant control to include frequency response. The source of energy to be delivered as inertial response is determined by the type of generation (wind, photovoltaic, concentrating solar power, etc.) and the control strategy chosen. The importance of providing ancillary services to ensure frequency control within a power system is evidenced from many recent publications with different perspectives (manufacturer, system operator, regulator, etc.) [2]-[6]. This paper is intended to provide operators with a method for the real-time assessment of the available inertia of a WPP. This is critical to managing power system stability and the reserve margin. In many states, modern WPPs are required to provide ancillary services (e.g., frequency regulation via governor response and inertial response) to the grid. This paper describes the method of estimating the available inertia and the profile of the forecasted response from a WPP.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 2016
Event2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition - Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Duration: 18 Sep 201622 Sep 2016


Conference2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition
CityMilwaukee, Wisconsin

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5D00-66395


  • ancillary service
  • frequency response
  • inertial response
  • variable generation
  • wind power plant
  • wind turbine generator


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