Side-by-Side Comparison of Subhourly Clipping Models

Research output: NRELPresentation


Over the past several years there have been numerous attempts at quantifying the inherent power clipping of inverters due to sub-hourly irradiance variability that is not captured in hourly PV performance models. Different models have been proposed to correct for these clipping losses in PV performance estimates, including matrix lookup models, distribution modeling of the PV power performance within a given hour, and machine learning methods. To date, there have been few comprehensive quantitative comparisons of these inverter clipping correction modeling approaches to evaluate the effectiveness of these approaches in predicting the actual behavior of PV system inverter clipping. In this study, we perform such a comparison, evaluating the Allen and Walker correction loss modeling approaches recently implemented in the System Advisor Model (SAM) against clipping losses modeled with 1-minute climate data. These comparisons were performed across a variety of climate locations and inverter loading ratios to thoroughly analyze the effectiveness of these modeling approaches relative to each other. Results from this analysis reveal that both clipping correction approaches improve annual energy accuracy to within 2% of 1-minute modeled energy yield. The two models predict annual clipping loss more accurately than simple hourly power limit clipping, with the Allen method typically being slightly more accurate at typical ILR values and the Walker method often being slightly more accurate at high ILR values The models can improve accuracy over the status quo clipping approach up to 3 percentage points in systems with ILR of 2.0, showing the importance of this modeling factor in energy yield estimates.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages17
StatePublished - 2024

Publication series

NamePresented at the 52nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC52), 9-14 June 2024, Seattle, Washington.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-7A40-90237


  • inverter clipping
  • PV performance modeling
  • SAM
  • System Advisor Model


Dive into the research topics of 'Side-by-Side Comparison of Subhourly Clipping Models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this