Simple and Complete Purification of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Materials

Anne C. Dillon, Thomas Gennett, Kim M. Jones, Jeffrey L. Alleman, Philip A. Parilla, Michael J. Heben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

527 Scopus Citations

Abstract

When used in a variety of projected applications and basic studies, carbon single-walled nanotubes (SWNTs) must be thoroughly purified. A three step purification process producing materials with >98 wt.-% purity is described. A dilute nitric acid reflux digests, functionalizes, and redistributes the non-nanotube carbon fractions to form a uniform and reactive coating on the SWNTs that can be removed by oxidation. Purity evaluations by Raman spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy (ICPS), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) illustrate that very few tubes are consumed. The use of TGA and ICPS defines a technique by which the components in raw and process materials may be accurately determined on a weight percent basis.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1354-1358
Number of pages5
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume11
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-590-27877

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