Simulation and Analysis of Vehicle-to-Grid Operations in Microgrid

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8 Scopus Citations


Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) is gaining interests as means to provide reliability for power to the grid with the ability to supply power from energy storage in the vehicle. This paper presents simulation results of V2G operations in a microgrid for evaluation of reliability of the grid. It also proposes a charging and discharging control method based on the current load and battery status to relieve power load during peak hours and smooth out the load profile. Simulations are performed under both normal and islanded operation, i.e., disconnected from the utility grid. The results are significant in that V2G operations contribute to energy reliability on the site during emergency and cost savings in electricity bills and fuels for generators by reducing peak load.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2012
Event2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PES 2012 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 22 Jul 201226 Jul 2012


Conference2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PES 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-53582


  • energy storage
  • peak load
  • simulations
  • utility grid
  • vehicle-to-grid


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