Solar Cell Efficiency Tables (Version 33)

Martin A. Green, Keith Emery, Yoshihiro Hishikawa, Wilhelm Warta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

343 Scopus Citations


Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined and new entries since July 2008 are reviewed. Efficiencies are updated to the new reference solar spectrum tabulated in IEC 60904-3 Ed. 2 revised in April 2008 and an updated list of recognised test centres is also included.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-520-45382


  • Energy conversion efficiency
  • Photovoltaic efficiency
  • Solar cell efficiency


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