Solar Cell Efficiency Tables (Version 51)

Dean Levi, Martin Green, Yoshihiro Hishikawa, Ewan Dunlop, Jochen Hohl-Ebinger, Anita Ho-Baillie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

812 Scopus Citations


Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined and new entries since July 2017 are reviewed, together with progress over the last 25 years. Appendices are included documenting area definitions and also listing recognised test centres.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5J00-70757


  • energy conversion efficiency
  • photovoltaic efficiency
  • solar cell efficiency


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