Solar Cell Efficiency Tables (Version 61)

Martin Green, Ewan Dunlop, Gerald Siefer, Masahiro Yoshita, Nikos Kopidakis, Karsten Bothe, Xiaojing Hao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

252 Scopus Citations


Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined, and new entries since July 2022 are reviewed. Graphs showing progress with each cell technology over the 30-year history of the tables are also included plus an updated list of designated test centres.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3-16
Number of pages14
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-84902


  • energy conversion efficiency
  • photovoltaic efficiency
  • solar cell efficiency


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