Stability of Tin-Lead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells

Rohit Prasanna, Tomas Leijtens, Sean P. Dunfield, James A. Raiford, Eli J. Wolf, Simon A. Swifter, Giles E. Eperon, Camila De Paula, Axel F. Palmstrom, Maikel F.A.M. Van Hest, Stacey F. Bent, Glenn Teeter, Joseph J. Berry, Michael D. McGehee

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Tin-lead perovskites have low band gaps (1.2 eV - 1.4 eV) that offer complementary absorption spectra to mixed halide perovskites with band gaps in the range of 1.6 eV - 1.85 eV. In combination, tin-lead and mixed halide perovskites can be used to make efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells. While these can achieve high efficiency, they are hampered by the unproven longterm stability of tin-containing perovskites. We make the first demonstration of tin-lead perovskite solar cells that pass benchmark 1000-hour tests of stability under stressors of heat, light, and atmospheric exposure. We identify that mixed tin-lead perovskites oxidise by a different chemical pathway, one that is much less favourable, than the oxidation pathway followed by pure tin perovskites, making them significantly more stable. Fortuitously, mixed tin-lead perovskites also have band gaps that are close to ideal for the rear cell of an all-perovskite monolithic two-junction tandem. Beyond selecting the composition of the perovskite to be one that has inherently suppressed tendency to oxidise, we also fabricate a novel heterojunction-based architecture that eliminates the commonly used acidic PEDOT:PSS layer, which leads to enhanced stability. By packaging the resulting solar cell in a glass-on-glass package with a pliable low-elastic-modulus polyolefin encapsulant and a butyl rubber edge seal, we also demonstrate that the low band gap perovskite solar cell that passes the IEC damp heat test for thin film solar cells - a milestone that demonstrates the removal of a significant impediment to the commercialization of high efficiency perovskite tandem solar cells.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages3
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Event46th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2019 - Chicago, United States
Duration: 16 Jun 201921 Jun 2019


Conference46th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5900-76332


  • energy gap
  • organic semiconductors
  • solar cells
  • tin compounds


Dive into the research topics of 'Stability of Tin-Lead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this