Stabilizing Superionic-Conducting Structures via Mixed-Anion Solid Solutions of Monocarba-closo-borate Salts

Mirjana Dimitrievska, Wan Tang, Koji Yoshida, Alexei Soloninin, Roman Skoryunov, Olga Babanova, Alexander Skripov, Vitalie Stavila, Shin-ichi Orimo, Terrence Udovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Solid lithium and sodium closo-polyborate-based salts are capable of superionic conductivities surpassing even liquid electrolytes, but often only at above-ambient temperatures where their entropically driven disordered phases become stabilized. Here we show by X-ray diffraction, quasielastic neutron scattering, differential scanning calorimetry, NMR, and AC impedance measurements that by introducing 'geometric frustration' via the mixing of two different closo-polyborate anions, namely, 1-CB9H10- and CB11H12-, to form solid-solution anion-alloy salts of lithium or sodium, we can successfully suppress the formation of possible ordered phases in favor of disordered, fast-ion-conducting alloy phases over a broad temperature range from subambient to high temperatures. This result exemplifies an important advancement for further improving on the remarkable conductive properties generally displayed by this class of materials and represents a practical strategy for creating tailored, ambient-temperature, solid, superionic conductors for a variety of upcoming all-solid-state energy devices of the future.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)659-664
Number of pages6
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-68062

Keywords

  • anions
  • disorder
  • ordered phases
  • superionic conductivities

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