Stakeholder Requirements for Commercially Successful Wave Energy Converter Farms

Jochem Weber, Aurelien Babarit, Diana Bull, Robert Malins, Kim Nielsen, Ronan Costello, Jesse Roberts, Claudio Ferreira, Ben Kennedy, Katherine Dykes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus Citations


In this study, systems engineering techniques are applied to wave energy to identify and specify stakeholders’ requirements for a commercially successful wave energy farm. The focus is on the continental scale utility market. Lifecycle stages and stakeholders are identified. Stakeholders’ needs across the whole lifecycle of the wave energy farm are analyzed. A list of 33 stakeholder requirements are identified and specified. This list of requirements should serve as components of a technology performance level metric that could be used by investors and funding agencies to make informed decisions when allocating resources. It is hoped that the technology performance level metric will accelerate wave energy conversion technology convergence.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)742-755
Number of pages14
JournalRenewable Energy
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-66902


  • Requirements
  • Systems engineering
  • Technology convergence
  • Technology performance level
  • Wave energy converter
  • Wave energy farm


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