State of the Art of Thin-Film Photovoltaics

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    Thin-film photovoltaic technologies, based on materials such as amorphous or polycrystalline silicon, copper indium diselenide, cadmium telluride, and gallium arsenide, offer the potential for significantly reducing the cost of electricity generated by photovoltaics. The significant progress in the technologies, from the laboratory to the marketplace, is reviewed. The common concerns andquestions raised about thin films are addressed. Based on the progress to date and the potential of these technologies, along with continuing investments by the private sector to commercialize the technologies, one can conclude that thin-film PV will provide a competitive alternative for large-scale power generation in the future.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages13
    StatePublished - 1993

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-410-6049


    • amorphous silicon
    • cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaic solar cells modules
    • copper indium diselenide (CIS)
    • gallium arsenide
    • photovoltaics
    • polycrystalline silicon
    • thin film


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