Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market: 2022 Data

Eric O'Shaughnessey, Sushmita Jena, Jenny Sumner

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Voluntary green power, for the purposes of this report, refers to renewable energy procurement by retail electricity customers above what is otherwise provided by load-serving entities. This report is part of an annual series of reports synthesizing trends in the United States voluntary green power market. In 2022, about 9.6 million retail electricity customers procured about 272 million megawatt-hours (MWh) of voluntary green power (Figure ES-1), representing about 38% of non-hydro renewable energy sales and about 6% of all U.S. retail electricity sales. Most of the remainder of U.S. renewable energy sales reflects renewable energy procured by load-serving entities to comply with state renewable energy mandates, also known as compliance-based procurement.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages30
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-7A40-88219


  • green power
  • green pricing
  • green tariff
  • IRA
  • REC
  • voluntary markets


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