Stoichiometry Control in Quantum Dots: A Viable Analog to Impurity Doping of Bulk Materials

Joseph M. Luther, Jeffrey M. Pietryga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus Citations


A growing body of research indicates that the stoichiometry of compound semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) may offer control over the materials' optoelectronic properties in ways that could be invaluable in electronic devices. Quantum dots have been characterized as having a stoichiometric bulk-like core with a highly reconstructed surface of a more flexible composition, consisting essentially of ligated, weakly bound ions. As such, many efforts toward stoichiometry-based control over material properties have focused on ligand manipulation. In this issue of ACS Nano, Murray and Kagan's groups instead demonstrate control of the conductive properties of QD arrays by altering the stoichiometry via atomic infusion using a thermal evaporation technique. In this work, PbSe and PbS QD films are made to show controlled n- or p-type behavior, which is key to developing optimized QD-based electronics. In this Perspective, we discuss recent developments and the future outlook in using stoichiometry as a tool to further manipulate QD material properties in this context.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1845-1849
Number of pages5
JournalACS Nano
Issue number3
StatePublished - 26 Mar 2013

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-58157


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