Strategies to Save 50% Site Energy in Grocery and General Merchandise Stores

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


This paper summarizes the methodology and main results of two recently published Technical Support Documents. These reports explore the feasibility of designing general merchandise and grocery stores that use half the energy of a minimally code-compliant building, as measured on a whole-building basis. We used an optimization algorithm to trace out a minimum cost curve and identify designs thatsatisfy the 50% energy savings goal. We started from baseline building energy use and progressed to more energy-efficient designs by sequentially adding energy design measures (EDMs). Certain EDMs figured prominently in reaching the 50% energy savings goal for both building types: (1) reduced lighting power density; (2) optimized area fraction and construction of view glass or skylights, orboth, as part of a daylighting system tuned to 46.5 fc (500 lux); (3) reduced infiltration with a main entrance vestibule or an envelope air barrier, or both; and (4) energy recovery ventilators, especially in humid and cold climates. In grocery stores, the most effective EDM, which was chosen for all climates, was replacing baseline medium-temperature refrigerated cases with high-efficiencymodels that have doors.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2011
EventACEEE Summer Study 2010 - Pacific Grove, California
Duration: 15 Aug 201020 Aug 2010


ConferenceACEEE Summer Study 2010
CityPacific Grove, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5500-48197


  • EDM
  • energy design measure
  • general merchandise
  • grocery
  • optimization


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