Strongly Correlated Exciton-Magnetization System for Optical Spin Pumping in CrBr3 and CrI3. Article No. 2209513

M Grzeszczyk, Swagata Acharya, D. Pashov, Z. Chen, K. Vaklinova, Mark van Schilfgaarde, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, K. Novoselov, M. Katsnelson, M. Koperski

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10 Scopus Citations


Ferromagnetism in van der Waals systems, preserved down to a monolayer limit, attracted attention to a class of materials with general composition CrX3 (X=I, Br, Cl), which are treated now as canonical two-dimensional ferromagnets. Their diverse magnetic properties, such as different easy axes or varying and controllable character of in-plane or interlayer ferromagnetic coupling, make them promising candidates for spintronic, photonic, optoelectronic, and other applications. Still, significantly different magneto-optical properties between the three materials, have been presenting a challenging puzzle for researchers over the last few years. Herewith, we demonstrate that despite similar structural and magnetic configurations, the coupling between excitons and magnetization is qualitatively different in CrBr3 and CrI3 films. Through a combination of the optical spin pumping experiments with the state-of-the-art theory describing bound excitonic states in the presence of magnetization, we concluded that the hole-magnetization coupling has the opposite sign in CrBr3 and CrI3 and also between the ground and excited exciton state. Consequently, we demonstrate efficient spin pumping capabilities in CrBr3 driven by magnetization via spin-dependent absorption and unraveled the different origins of the magnetic hysteresis in CrBr3 and CrI3.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number17
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5F00-84938


  • CrBr3
  • CrI3
  • excited electrons
  • excitonic spin physics
  • magneto-optical response
  • saturated magnetization


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