Structural and Dynamical Properties of Potassium Dodecahydro-monocarba-closo-dodecaborate: KCB11H12

Mirjana Dimitrievska, Hui Wu, Vitalie Stavila, Olga Babanova, Roman Skoryunov, Alexei Soloninin, Wei Zhou, Benjamin Trump, Mikael Andersson, Alexander Skripov, Terrence Udovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus Citations

Abstract

MCB11H12 (M: Li, Na) dodecahydro-monocarba-closo-dodecaborate salt compounds are known to have stellar superionic Li+ and Na+ conductivities in their high-temperature disordered phases, making them potentially appealing electrolytes in all-solid-state batteries. Nonetheless, it is of keen interest to search for other related materials with similar conductivities while at the same time exhibiting even lower (more device-relevant) disordering temperatures, a key challenge for this class of materials. With this in mind, the unknown structural and dynamical properties of the heavier KCB11H12 congener were investigated in detail by X-ray powder diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, neutron vibrational spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, quasielastic neutron scattering, and AC impedance measurements. This salt indeed undergoes an entropy-driven, reversible, order–disorder transformation and with a lower onset temperature (348 K upon heating and 340 K upon cooling) in comparison to the lighter LiCB11H12 and NaCB11H12 analogues. The K+ cations in both the low-T ordered monoclinic (P21/c) and high-T disordered cubic (Fm3¯m) structures occupy octahedral interstices formed by CB11H12– anions. In the low-T structure, the anions orient themselves so as to avoid close proximity between their highly electropositive C–H vertices and the neighboring K+ cations. In the high-T structure, the anions are orientationally disordered, although to best avoid the K+ cations, the anions likely orient themselves so that their C–H axes are aligned in one of eight possible directions along the body diagonals of the cubic unit cell. Across the transition, anion reorientational jump rates change from 6.2 × 106 s–1 in the low-T phase (332 K) to 2.6 × 1010 s–1 in the high-T phase (341 K). In tandem, K+ conductivity increases by about 30-fold across the transition, yielding a high-T phase value of 3.2 × 10–4 S cm–1 at 361 K. However, this is still about 1 to 2 orders of magnitude lower than that observed for LiCB11H12 and NaCB11H12, suggesting that the relatively larger K+ cation is much more sterically hindered than Li+ and Na+ from diffusing through the anion lattice via the network of smaller interstitial sites.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)17992-18002
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume124
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-78094

Keywords

  • conductivity
  • electrolytes
  • salt compounds
  • solid-state batteries

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