Study of Parameters Affecting the Performance of Solar Desiccant Cooling Systems

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The performance of a solar desiccant cooling system depends on the performance of its components, particularly the desiccant dehumidifier and solar collectors. The desiccant dehumidifier performance is affected by the properties of the desiccant, particularly the shape of the isotherm and the regeneration temperature. The performance of a solar collector, as one would expect, depends on itsoperating temperature, which is very close to the desiccant regeneration temperature. The purpose of this study was to identify the desiccant isotherm shape (characterized by separation factor) that would result in the optimum performance - based on thermal coefficient of performance and cooling capacity - of a desiccant cooling cycle operating in ventilation mode. Different regenerationtemperatures ranging from 65 degrees C to 160 degrees C were investigated to identify the corresponding optimum isotherm shape at each. Thermal COP dictates the required area of the solar collectors, and the cooling capacity is an indication of the size and cost of the cooling equipment. Staged and no-staged regeneration methods were studied.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 1993

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-471-5375


  • dehumidifiers
  • desiccant isotherm shape
  • solar collectors
  • solar desiccant cooling systems


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