Supercritical Methanol Solvolysis and Catalysis for the Conversion of Delignified Woody Biomass into Light Alcohol Gasoline Bioblendstock

Hannah Nguyen, Nabila Huq, Daniela Stuck, Stephen Tifft, Davis Conklin, Andrew Koehler, William McNeary, Gina Fioroni, Cameron Hays, Earl Christensen, Ian McNamara, Andrew Bartling, Ryan Davis, Kinga Unocic, Derek Vardon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Supercritical methanol (SCM) solvolysis and catalysis has recently emerged as a promising pathway to produce gasoline-range light alcohols from woody biomass through staged depolymerization and hydro-deoxygenation (DHDO). Here, structure–property relationships of Cu“M”AlOx catalysts (M = Mg, Zr, and Ce) are examined for upgrading delignified hybrid poplar via SCM-DHDO. CuCeAlOx displays the highest activity, increasing the C2-C7 alcohol production rate and selectivity by twofold in batch reactions, and >50% in semicontinuous reactions relative to the current state-of-the-art CuMgAlOx. The performance of CuCeAlOx is correlated with its high reducibility and acidity. Cu sintering and biogenic impurity poisoning are identified as possible deactivation mechanisms over 60 h of continuous testing. The gasoline-range SCM-DHDO products are comprised of primarily aliphatic alcohols that result in improved energy density and favorably reduced vapor pressure, relative to ethanol, with the tradeoff of nonsynergistic octane blending with conventional gasoline and lower oxidation stability. Overall, this work highlights the potential to produce suitable light oxygenates by SCM-DHDO processing for gasoline bioblendstock applications.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2100310
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Sustainable Systems
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5100-80793

Keywords

  • bioblendstocks
  • catalysis
  • gasoline
  • light duty
  • solvolysis
  • woody biomass

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