Supporting the Transition from Grid-Scale to Emerging Market Wave Energy Converter Design and Assessment: Paper No. 2101

A. Trueworthy, A. Roach, Ben Maurer, B. Dupont

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

2 Scopus Citations


In the past decade there has been increasing interest in emerging markets for wave energy, both as a stepping stone for development and as a way to create new opportunities for offshore markets such as ocean observation or desalination. Developers who were once focused exclusively on grid-scale development have begun to engage with more unique markets. This has led researchers to begin examining means of assessing emerging-market devices. In this paper, we analyze the Technology Performance Level (TPL) Assessment for its potential use in the assessment of emerging market wave energy converters (EM-WECs). We use Quality Function Deployment (QFD) and a question-by-question analysis of the TPL assessment to determine the changes necessary for such an assessment to be applicable in emerging markets. We discuss how the primary differences between the markets could impact the viable development pathways for developers hoping to succeed in multiple markets. We determine that the different stakeholders and stakeholder requirements of some emerging markets compared to gridscale applications should be met with changes to cost-toperformance metrics, prototype testing processes, recovery planning, materials selection, optimization objectives, and public engagement.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2021
EventEuropean Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2021) -
Duration: 5 Sep 20219 Sep 2021


ConferenceEuropean Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2021)

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5700-81760


  • blue economy
  • development pathways
  • emerging markets
  • technology performance level assessment


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