Surface Ligand Management Aided by a Secondary Amine Enables Increased Synthesis Yield of CsPbI3 Perovskite Quantum Dots and High Photovoltaic Performance

Yao Wang, Jianyu Yuan, Xuliang Zhang, Xufeng Ling, Bryon Larson, Qian Zhao, Yingguo Yang, Yao Shi, Joseph Luther, Wanli Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Lead-halide perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) or more broadly, nanocrystals possess advantageous features for solution-processed photovoltaic devices. The nanocrystal surface ligands play a crucial role in the transport of photogenerated carriers and ultimately affect the overall performance of PQD solar cells. Significantly improved CsPbI3 PQD synthetic yield and solar-cell performance through surface ligand management are demonstrated. The treatment of a secondary amine, di-n-propylamine (DPA), provides a mild and efficient approach to control the surface ligand density of PQDs, which has an apparently different working mechanism compared to previously reported surface treatments. Using an optimal DPA concentration, the treatment can simultaneously remove both long-chain insulating surface ligands of oleic acid and oleylamine, even for unpurified PQDs with high ligand density. As a result, the electrical coupling between PQDs is enhanced, leading to improved charge transport, reduced carrier recombination, and a high power conversion efficiency approaching 15% for CsPbI3-PQD-based solar cells. In addition, the production yield of CsPbI3 PQDs can be increased by a factor of 8. These results highlight the importance of developing new ligand-management strategies, specifically for emerging PQDs to achieve scalable and high-performance perovskite-based optoelectronic devices.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2000449
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume32
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-75892

Keywords

  • CsPbI quantum dots
  • di-n-propylamine
  • perovskite solar cells
  • surface ligand engineering

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