Synthesis and Characterization of Binary and Ternary III-V Quantum Dots

O. I. Mićić, A. J. Nozik

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90 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Quantum dots of InP, GaP, GaInP2, and GaAs with diameters ranging from 20-80 Å can be synthesized as well-crystallized nanoparticles with bulk zinc blende structure. The synthesis is achieved by heating appropriate organometallic precursors with stabilizers in high boiling solvents for several days to produce QDs, which can then be dissolved in nonpolar organic solvents to form transparent colloidal QD dispersions. The high sample quality of the InP and Gap QDs results in excitonic features in the absorption spectra; excitonic features could not be observed for GaAs or GaInP2 QDs. The GaP and GaInP2 QD colloids exhibit very intense (quantum yields of 15-25%) visible photoluminescence at room temperature. The photoluminescence for InP QDs preparations show two emission bands: one band is in the visible at the band edge of the QD, and a second band appears above 800 nm. The near-IR PL is attributed to deep traps, presumably phosphorus vacancies on the QD surface. This band can be removed after controlled addition of etchant; subsequently, very intense band-edge emission (quantum yield 30%), which is tunable with particle size, is obtained. The QDs were characterized by TEM. SAXS, AFM. powder X-ray diffraction, steady-state optical absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopy, ps to ns transient photoluminescence spectroscopy, and fs to ps pump-probe absorption (i.e., hole-burning) spectroscopy.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)95-107
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Volume70
Issue number1-6 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-453-21361

Keywords

  • Quantum dots, binary and ternary
  • Synthesis

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