Synthesis and Characterization of Perfluorinated Anion Exchange Membranes

Bryan Pivovar, Zbyslaw Owczarczyk, Chingching Neyerlin, Hai Long, Matthew Sturgeon, M. Lindell, Steven Hamrock, Michael Yandrasits, Andrew Park, Logan Garner, Christopher Antunes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Anion exchange membranes (AEMs) are of high interest for a number of electrochemical device applications including fuel cells, electrolyzers, and flow batteries. Perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymers have been the standard polymer used in the much more established area of proton exchange membrane based devices due to specific advantageous attributes including chemical stability, high conductivity, high water mobility, and the ability to create high performance electrodes. These attributes would make for desirable AEMs, but synthesizing perfluorinated AEMs has been limited and has significant challenges. Here, we report our efforts to develop novel synthesis routes to sulfonamide-linked alkyl ammonium perfluorinated AEMs. We have demonstrated the ability to achieve both high levels of ion exchange and membrane conductivity. We have achieved improved durability by extending the length of the alkyl tether from 3 to 6 carbons, and we have demonstrated the ability to process these polymers into membranes, ionomer solutions/dispersions, and fuel cells with reasonable performance.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)957-966
Number of pages10
JournalECS Transactions
Volume80
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
EventSymposium on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 17, PEFC 2017 - 232nd ECS Meeting - National Harbor, United States
Duration: 1 Oct 20175 Oct 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Electrochemical Society.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-72689

Keywords

  • anion exchange membranes
  • electrochemical devices
  • synthesis

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