Synthesis of High Surface Area VS2 for Nitrogen Reduction

Research output: NRELPoster


Ammonia synthesis from dinitrogen provides a critical chemical feedstock to agriculture worldwide. The dominant process for ammonia synthesis is the Haber-Bosch process, which is fossil-fuel dependent and energy intensive. The electrochemical nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) could provide a more environmentally friendly route to industrial ammonia synthesis. We have worked to realize electrochemical NRR by developing transition metal dichalcogenide NRR catalysts. In the first part of this presentation, a VS2-based NRR electrocatalyst, which has shown promising activity and selectivity, will be presented. The synthesis of this VS2-based catalyst is straightforward and results in few-layer VS2 or VSx, (x < 2) nanoflakes. Additionally, the proposed mechanism of NRR on VS2 will be discussed, and we will discuss DFT simulation of NRR on VS2 and MoS2 as well as planned in-situ Raman experiments to probe this mechanism. In the second part of this presentation, we will share several lessons learned during our early NRR research including important points of electrochemical cell design and experimental controls to reduce environmental ammonia contamination of experiments. Finally, we will address areas of opportunity for electrochemical NRR.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2022 Electrochemistry Gordon Research Conference, 11-16 September 2022, Ventura, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-5900-83987


  • dichalcogenide
  • electrochemistry
  • nitrogen reduction
  • SEM
  • VS2
  • XPS


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