Synthetic, Realistic Transmission and Distribution Co-Simulation for Voltage Control Benchmarking

Research output: NRELPresentation


As distributed energy resources (DERs) play an increasing role in generation and grid services, control and market paradigms will need to be tested with models that incorporate transmission and distribution systems. The test systems will need to be realistic and accessible for researchers to form conclusions about realistic behaviors and maintain comparability and repeatability of results. These test systems also must have high resolution models of sufficient size for realistic distribution and transmission interaction. This paper demonstrates the tightly coupled HELICS-based co-simulation of realistic synthetic distribution and transmission models for the Austin metropolitan area and how this framework can be used to analyze resultant behaviors from distributed resources and their controls. These results are compared to the same distribution system run without co-simulation using a fixed feed-in voltage. Results show that even without advanced voltage controls, the feed-in voltage response when coupled to the transmission system results a lower level of voltage excursions, suggesting the importance of using this type of realistic, tightly coupled, transmission and distribution co-simulation when assessing DERs.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NamePresented at the Texas Power and Energy Conference, 2-5 February 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5D00-78996


  • co-simulation
  • power distribution
  • power system simulation
  • power transmission


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