Taxonomy for Evaluation of Distributed Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources

Benjamin Kroposki, Xue Han, Kai Heussen, Oliver Gehrke, Henrik Bindner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus Citations


Distributed control strategies applied to power distribution control problems are meant to offer robust and scalable integration of distributed energy resources (DERs). However, the term 'distributed control' is often loosely applied to a variety of very different control strategies. In particular there is a lack of discrimination between aspects related to communication topology, physical distribution of components, and associated control objectives. This has lead to a lack of objective criteria for performance comparison and general quality assessment of state of the art distributed control solutions. For such comparison, a classification is required that is consistent across the different aspects mentioned above. This paper develops systematic categories of control strategies that accounts for communication, control and physical distribution aspects of the problem, and provides a set of criteria that can be assessed for these categories. The proposed taxonomy is applied to the state of the art as part of a review of existing work on distributed control of DER. Finally, we demonstrate the applicability and usefulness of the proposed classification to researchers and system designers.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number7879305
Pages (from-to)5185-5195
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2010-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-66673


  • classification
  • control architecture
  • distributed control
  • Distributed energy resource
  • smart grid


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