Techno-Economic Analysis for Co-Processing Fast Pyrolysis Liquid in Fossil Refineries

Michael Talmadge, Christopher Kinchin, Helena Chum, Avantika Singh, Nick Carlson, Abhijit Dutta, Andrea de Rezende Pinho, Marlon de Almeida, Luiz Casavechia

Research output: NRELPresentation


Recent work at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and throughout the bioenergy community has highlighted incentives associated with co-processing bio-intermediates in existing refineries to reduce capital costs associated with renewable fuels and chemicals production and reduce overall risk for emerging biomass conversion technologies. This presentation summarizes the techno-economic analysis results from the NREL-Petrobras collaboration that focused on refinery integration of fast pyrolysis oil through co-processing in the fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) process. The NREL-Petrobras work highlights the economic opportunity for refiners to engage in co-processing for low-carbon products and introduces the risks for refiners based on variability in crude and fossil-product markets. The NREL-Petrobras results also serve as a basis to inform policy design that reduces economic risk for refinery co-processing and repurposing opportunities. The final topics in the presentation highlight experimental capabilities and emerging analysis approaches at NREL and partner laboratories that support the development and commercial deployment of refinery utilization strategies.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages25
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the BIOFIT Final Policy Conference, 18 January 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5100-81884


  • bio-fuels
  • bio-oil
  • co-processing
  • FCC
  • fluid catalytic cracking
  • oil
  • pyrolysis
  • refinery
  • techno-economic analysis


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