Technoeconomic Modeling of Battery Energy Storage in SAM

Nicholas DiOrio, Steven Janzou, Blake Lundstrom, Aron Dobos, Austin Nelson

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Detailed comprehensive lead-acid and lithium-ion battery models have been integrated with photovoltaic models in an effort to allow System Advisor Model (SAM) to offer the ability to predict the performance and economic benefit of behind the meter storage. In a system with storage, excess PV energy can be saved until later in the day when PV production has fallen, or until times of peak demand when it is more valuable. Complex dispatch strategies can be developed to leverage storage to reduce energy consumption or power demand based on the utility rate structure. This document describes the details of the battery performance and economic models in SAM.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages36
StatePublished - 2015

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-64641


  • battery
  • modeling
  • PV
  • SAM
  • storage
  • storage
  • System Advisor Model (SAM)
  • technoeconomic


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