Technology Innovation Pathways for Distributed Wind Balance-of-System Cost Reduction

Tyler Stehly, Parangat Bhaskar

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This exploratory analysis characterizes the balance-of-system (BOS) cost reduction opportunity for small, commercial, medium, and large distributed wind systems. To do this, we used the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL’s) Land-based Balance of System Systems Engineering (LandBOSSE) model (Eberle et al. 2019). This model calculates the capital expenditures (CapEx) associated with installation and the system components (e.g., foundation and electrical infrastructure) other than the rotor nacelle assembly and tower. Then, building on the cost reduction potential assessment, we provide a more qualitative evaluation of prospective technology innovation concepts that may enable realization of those cost reductions for distributed wind systems.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages53
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5000-77452


  • balance of system
  • BOS
  • distributed wind
  • LandBOSSE


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