Ternary Nitride Materials: Fundamentals and Emerging Device Applications

Ann L. Greenaway, Celeste L. Melamed, M. Brooks Tellekamp, Rachel Woods-Robinson, Eric S. Toberer, James R. Neilson, Adele C. Tamboli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus Citations


Interest in inorganic ternary nitride materials has grown rapidly over the past few decades, as their diverse chemistries and structures make them appealing for a variety of applications. Due to synthetic challenges posed by the stability of N2, the number of predicted nitride compounds dwarfs the number that has been synthesized, offering a breadth of opportunity for exploration. This review summarizes the fundamental properties and structural chemistry of ternary nitrides, leveraging metastability and the impact of nitrogen chemical potential. A discussion of prevalent defects, both detrimental and beneficial, is followed by a survey of synthesis techniques and their interplay with metastability. Throughout the review, we highlight applications (such as solid-state lighting, electrochemical energy storage, and electronic devices) in which ternary nitrides show particular promise.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)591-618
Number of pages28
JournalAnnual Review of Materials Research
StatePublished - 26 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2021 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-77696


  • Battery
  • Metastability
  • Nitride synthesis
  • Optoelectronics
  • Structural chemistry
  • Ternary nitride


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