The Atmospheric Grand Challenges in the Science of Wind Energy

Paul Veers, Melinda Marquis, Katherine Dykes

Research output: NRELPoster


Harvested by advanced technical systems honed over decades of research and development, wind energy has become a mainstream energy resource. However, continued innovation is needed to realize the potential of wind to serve the global demand for clean energy. Here, we outline three interdependent, cross-disciplinary grand challenges underpinning this research endeavor. The first is the need for a deeper understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow in the critical zone of plant operation. The second involves science and engineering of the largest dynamic, rotating machines in the world. The third encompasses optimization and control of fleets of wind plants working synergistically within the electricity grid. Addressing these challenges could enable wind power to provide as much as half of our global electricity needs and perhaps beyond.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePresented at the AGU Fall Meeting 2019, 9-13 December 2019, San Francisco, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-5000-75538


  • atmospheric flow
  • grand challenges
  • innovation
  • wind energy
  • wind power
  • wind power plants


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