The Convergence of Vehicle Electrification and Automation - Enabling Sustainable Automated Mobility Districts

J. Lott, Stanley Young

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The transportation industry is entering a new frontier with three major simultaneous transformations: electrification, automation, and on-demand services. All three directly affect the same spaces of vehicle technology, infrastructure, and system operational performance. Further, each area of change adds its own driving forces of complexity to the others' design challenges. This paper explores these transformations, framing the implications for vehicle technology and infrastructure and their impact on operating concepts and strategies, which in turn impact the sustainability of the transportation infrastructure in the built environment. Specifically, this paper examines battery-electric vehicles operating in a fully automated fleet within an "automated mobility district" (AMD) setting with multiple on-demand services. From this examination, the paper assesses the implications for transportation electrification, comparing and contrasting traditional fixed-route services with those of on-demand transit and automated transit networks, including the trade-offs between vehicle range (battery capacity), charging parameters, power availability, and operations predictability with respect to policy and infrastructure configurations. The paper also addresses the configuration and management of boarding and alighting zones (also called pickup and drop-off zones), and the need for complementary infrastructure intelligence at intersections and curbs. Finally, conclusions are drawn with respect to the system integration and analysis needs for AMDs regarding resilience and sustainability of mobility infrastructure.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2023
EventASCE Inspire 2023 - Arlington, VA
Duration: 16 Nov 202318 Nov 2023


ConferenceASCE Inspire 2023
CityArlington, VA

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-86587


  • automation
  • enabling sustainability
  • transportation infrastructure
  • urban district transportation
  • vehicle electrification


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