The Future of Fuels: Meeting Global Decarbonization Goals

Research output: NRELPresentation


Petroleum has served as the source of the vast majority of our transportation fuel for well over a century. During the past few decades, biofuels—primarily ethanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel/jet, and renewable natural gas—have steadily increased in volume though still represent a small portion of the total fuel mix. While initially driven by energy security considerations, recent policies promoting increased biofuel use have been motivated by greenhouse gas reductions. Within the past couple years, significant interest has emerged in “e-fuels”—fuels produced from a carbon source (e.g., CO2) and electricity. If sourced from renewable electrons, e-fuels have the potential to provide significant GHG reductions, though questions of scale and economics remain. This talk will discuss recent research into advanced fuels properties and production routs, as well as issues and challenges that fuels must overcome to power ICEs in the mid 21st century.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NamePresented at the CSIS Energy Security and Climate Change Program's Innovation in Transportation Fuels Event, 30 September 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-4A00-78099


  • biofuels
  • e-fuels


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