The Impact of Physicochemical Property Interactions of Iso-Octane/Ethanol Blends on Ignition Timescales

Bradley Zigler, Jon Luecke, Cesar Barraza-Botet, Margaret Wooldridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus Citations


This work presents new measurements of liquid fuel ignition delay times of iso-octane and ethanol fuel blends obtained from an ignition quality tester at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL IQT), which are compared to previous ignition delay data from the University of Michigan rapid compression facility (UM RCF), at the same experimental conditions. Pressure-time histories were used to determine liquid fuel ignition delays at global stoichiometric non-premixed conditions for iso-octane, ethanol and iso-octane/ethanol blends of 25, 50, 75% by volume in mixtures of 10% oxygen diluted in nitrogen. Temperatures ranging from 880 to 970 K were studied at a pressure of 10 atm. By comparing total ignition delay times from the NREL IQT with chemical ignition delay times from the UM RCF, the contributions of physical phenomena were quantified as representative time scales for spray injection, breakup and evaporation processes, and for gas-phase turbulent mixing. Regression analyses were developed for ignition time scales as function of blend level and charge temperature. Non-dimensional analyses were also carried out to determine the relative effects of physical time scales with respect to chemical ignition delay times.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)401-411
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-71009


  • Ignition quality tester
  • Ignition time scales
  • Iso-octane/ethanol blends
  • Liquid fuel ignition delay time
  • Physico-chemical interactions
  • Rapid compression facility


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