The locational value of distributed energy resources: A parcel-level evaluation of solar and wind potential in New York state

Thomas Bowen, Sam Koebrich, Kevin McCabe, Ben Sigrin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Distributed energy resources (DERs) are poised to play a significant role in evolving power systems because of their flexibility to be sited in areas of high value to the grid. Traditional DER compensation frameworks, specifically net energy metering (NEM), inadequately communicate differences in the locational and temporal value of DER generation to the grid. As a transition from NEM, New York State's (NYS's) Value of Distributed Energy Resources (VDER) framework provides a methodology for calculating different value components that DERs offer the grid. To study the impacts of VDER frameworks on DER deployment, we developed a model to assess the value of distributed solar and wind systems configured as either a behind-the-meter system or a front-of-the-meter system for each parcel of land in NYS. Using parcel-level granularity, we can closely evaluate DER locational value and siting availability, particularly in urban and suburban settings. Our analysis finds while most DER generators would be modestly compensated for deferred transmission and distribution infrastructure upgrades (~0.01 $/kWh for solar PV), a subset of projects receive significant value from this component (0.035 to 0.089 $/kWh for top 5% of parcels for solar PV). Finally, our analysis finds VDER provides less overall compensation than NEM to the average DER generator, however, it increases access to compensation for front-of-the-meter DERs – a large and emerging market.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number112744
Number of pages17
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume166
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A20-78362

Keywords

  • Distributed generation
  • Front-of-the-meter
  • Net energy metering
  • New York state
  • Parcels
  • Value of distributed energy resources

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