The Port of Los Angeles Zero- and Near-Zero-Emission Freight Facilities "Shore to Store" Project

Jacob Goldberg, Teresa Pisano, Laura Hunter, Lauren Dunlap, Brett Grothen, Arron Paddock, Kevin Goss, Jason Lustbader, Joe Sawa, Jared Leventhal, Giles Pettifor, Cory Sigler, Andrew Kotz, Michael Lammert, Matthew Jeffers

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The City of Los Angeles Harbor Department (Harbor Department, POLA) partnered with Equilon Enterprises LLC (d/b/a Shell Oil Products US) (Shell), Toyota Motor North America (Toyota) and Kenworth Truck Company (Kenworth) partnered with the Port of Hueneme (POH), United Parcel Service (UPS), Total Transportation Services Inc. (TTSI), Southern Counties Express (SCE), Toyota Logistics Services (TLS), Air Liquide, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Coalition For A Safe Environment, and the South Coast Air Quality Management District (South Coast AQMD) to introduce hydrogen (H2) fuel into the Southern California drayage truck market by demonstrating near-commercial heavy-duty H2 fuel cell electric trucks at and between freight facilities throughout the region, while continuing to lay the groundwork for battery-electric operations. The "Shore to Store" (S2S) project built on project team experience to help realize our vision of zero-emission freight operations in the future. Ten Kenworth zero-emission Class 8 fuel cell electric trucks, integrated with Toyota's fuel cell drive technology, were operated by UPS, TTSI, SCE, and TLS in revenue service. The demonstration fleet fueled at the S2S hydrogen fueling stations that were built in Ontario, California and Wilmington, California. An additional station at the Port of Long Beach (Portal Station) was available for fueling the fleet. Portal Station was supported by grants from the California Energy Commission (CEC) and South Coast AQMD and used as match funding for the S2S project. POH demonstrated two battery-electric yard tractors, and TLS demonstrated two zero-emission forklifts at their warehouse facility, showcasing elements of the entire supply chain operating on zero-emissions. This project showcased a snapshot of the zero- emission supply chain of the future, providing a model by which freight facilities can support zero-emission operations.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages112
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-85602


  • California Air Resources Board
  • class 8
  • electric
  • fuel cell electric vehicle
  • fuel cell truck
  • heavy-duty truck
  • hydrogen
  • Kenworth
  • Port of Los Angeles
  • Toyota
  • Zero and Near Zero Emissions Freight


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