The Shape of Electrified Transportation

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27 Scopus Citations


Transportation is currently the least-diversified energy demand sector, with over 90% of global transportation energy use coming from petroleum products [1]. For more than a century, petroleum fuels have been relied upon to move people and goods within and between towns and cities, and on roads, railways, farms, waterways, and in the air. These energy-dense fuels have unquestionably provided reliable and convenient mobility options to power the modern global economy. However, these benefits have also created challenges associated with geopolitics, energy security, price volatility, and environmental impacts.
Original languageAmerican English
Article numberArticle No. 011003
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-73762


  • Electric vehicles
  • Electricity demand
  • Electrification
  • Load shapes
  • Transformation pathways


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