The Structure of the Catalytic Domain of a Plant Cellulose Synthase and its Assembly into Dimers

Anna T. Olek, Catherine Rayon, Lee Makowski, Hyung Rae Kim, Peter Ciesielski, John Badger, Lake N. Paul, Subhangi Ghosh, Daisuke Kihara, Michael Crowley, Michael E. Himmel, Jeffrey T. Bolin, Nicholas C. Carpita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus Citations


Cellulose microfibrils are para-crystalline arrays of several dozen linear (1→4)-β-D-glucan chains synthesized at the surface of the cell membrane by large, multimeric complexes of synthase proteins. Recombinant catalytic domains of rice (Oryza sativa) CesA8 cellulose synthase form dimers reversibly as the fundamental scaffold units of architecture in the synthase complex. Specificity of binding to UDP and UDP-Glc indicates a properly folded protein, and binding kinetics indicate that each monomer independently synthesizes single glucan chains of cellulose, i.e., two chains per dimer pair. In contrast to structure modeling predictions, solution x-ray scattering studies demonstrate that the monomer is a two-domain, elongated structure, with the smaller domain coupling two monomers into a dimer. The catalytic core of the monomer is accommodated only near its center, with the plant-specific sequences occupying the small domain and an extension distal to the catalytic domain. This configuration is in stark contrast to the domain organization obtained in predicted structures of plant CesA. The arrangement of the catalytic domain within the CesA monomer and dimer provides a foundation for constructing structural models of the synthase complex and defining the relationship between the rosette structure and the cellulose microfibrils they synthesize.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2996-3009
Number of pages14
JournalPlant Cell
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2014

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-63047


  • dimer
  • plant cellulose synthase


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