The Sustainable Decarbonization Challenge

Silvana Ovaitt, Heather Mirletz, Teresa Barnes

Research output: NRELPresentation


Many countries have decarbonization plans that include transitioning to clean energy. Because of this, PV deployment is projected to at least double or triple in the next ten years. As we ramp up manufacturing and deployment, we aim to sustainably establish secure and just supply chains while reducing environmental impacts. This talk presents our analysis of the virgin material demands, addresses waste concerns regarding quantity and toxicity, and establishes sustainability actions that the PV community can take to ensure sustainability. The takeaway actions are prioritizing reliable, high-quality, and long-lived PV modules and enabling the fast deployment needed for decarbonization via more research and effective communication.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages25
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePresented at the RD20 (Research and Development 20 for Clean Energy Technologies) Conference, 4-6 October 2023, Fukushima, Japan

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5K00-87603


  • circular economy
  • clean energy transition
  • photovoltaics energy
  • PV waste
  • reliability
  • supply chain security
  • sustainability
  • toxicity
  • virgin material needs


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