Thermal Analysis and Testing of a Vacuum Insulated Catalytic Converter

Steven D. Burch, Matthew A. Keyser, Thomas F. Potter, David K. Benson

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations


Based on a recent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) study, about 95% of all trips start after a cold-soak period of 16 hours or less. By preserving the heat in the catalyst between trips, exhaust gases could be processed without warm-up delay and without the usual cold-start emissions. Vacuum insulation and phase-change thermal storage have been incorporated into a catalytic converter design to enhance its heat-retention time. Laboratory testing of a bench-scale prototype showed that a "light off" temperature (above 350°C) could be maintained during a 10-hour cold soak. Design improvements currently being tested should increase this heat-retention time to more than 16 hours. The thermal conductance of the vacuum insulation will be made continuously variable to prevent overheating and excessive thermal cycling. This approach to thermal management may be more durable and less costly than quick-heat methods using electric or fuel-fired preheat catalysts.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes
EventFuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: 17 Oct 198420 Oct 1984


ConferenceFuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD

NREL Publication Number

  • ACNR/CP-16557

Other Report Number

  • SAE 941998


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