Thermal Stability of Silica for Application in Thermal Energy Storage: Paper No. 160003

Patrick Davenport, Zhiwen Ma, William Nation, Jason Schirck, Aaron Morris, Matthew Lambert

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

7 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Thermal energy storage (TES) systems have enabled concentrating solar power (CSP) to remain competitive in the modern energy mix by providing economical load shifting grid services and firming up intermittent solar resource. Free from siting constraints, TES also shows promise as an economical alternative to traditional pumped-storage hydropower (PSH) and compressed air energy storage (CAES). As potential thermal energy storage media, some solid particles demonstrate stability over wide temperature ranges which allows for increased sensible energy storage density and is essential in achieving low-cost storage. Silica sand, in the form of a-quartz, is one such candidate. This work presents a brief review of relevant silica thermophysical properties and further investigates the thermal stability of silica particles as a candidate TES media by subjecting them to two different thermal tests: (1) a 500-hour thermal treatment at 1200 degrees C under varied atmospheres; and (2) cycling 25, 50, and 100 times between 300 degrees C and 1200 degrees C. For both tests, particle stability is examined by means of pre- and post-treatment Mie scattering. An additional XRD analysis is conducted for the 500-hour treatment in air. Results indicate limited changes in both particle distribution and crystallographic structure which is promising for the application as solid particle media for thermal energy storage.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
EventSOLARPACES 2020: 26th International Conference on Concentrating Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems - Freiburg, Germany
Duration: 28 Sep 20202 Oct 2020

Conference

ConferenceSOLARPACES 2020: 26th International Conference on Concentrating Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems
CityFreiburg, Germany
Period28/09/202/10/20

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-5700-77426 for preprint

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5700-83281

Keywords

  • concentrating solar power
  • particle stability
  • quartz
  • sand
  • silica
  • solar
  • thermal energy storage

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