(Towards) DNS of a Laboratory Lean CH4/H2 Low-Swirl Flame Impinging on an Inclined Wall

Mohammadreza Nozari, Martin Vabre, Luming Fan, Lucas Esclapez, Patrizio Vena, Marc Day, Bruno Savard

Research output: NRELPresentation


Due to downsizing trends, flame-wall interaction (FWI) is increasingly prominent in gas turbines (GTs). FWI has direct consequences on flame stabilization and pollutant emissions, but it is not well understood in turbulent flows representative of GTs. We present results from a direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a turbulent CH4/H2 model GT low-swirl laboratory-scale flame interacting with an inclined wall. The results from the laboratory flame include simultaneous measurements of velocity using stereo particle imaging velocimetry and OHxCH2O planar laser induced fluorescence. The adaptive-mesh refinement solver PeleLMeX is used, with 24-species, 105-reaction reduced Aramco chemical kinetics mechanism. The premixed fuel-air mixture consists of hydrogen-enriched methane with 70% hydrogen volume fraction and 0.4 equivalence ratio. The inflow is prescribed to match experimental measurements at the burner exit. Karlovitz and turbulent Reynolds numbers are 300 and 400, respectively. The simulation and experimental results show excellent agreement. The flame features a bowl-shape stabilization, with a corrugated, continuous flame front at the leading edge, followed by fragmented reaction zones downstream. A large diffuse cloud of CH2O is formed downstream of the quenching point. The simulation results indicate that the cloud of CH2O is the result of incomplete methane combustion, with CH2O "leaking" from the locally quenched reaction zones.The DNS provides fine-grain resolution of turbulence-flame-wall interaction that cannot be captured with experimental measurements. With access to the entire solution vector at each cell of the computational domain, the local quenching.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the Premixed Turbulent Flame (PTF) TNF15 Workshop, 22-23 July 2022, Vancouver, Canada

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-2C00-83556


  • flame-wall interactions
  • hydrogen
  • turbulent flames


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