Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, nearly 600 utilities in regulated electricity markets--or almost 20% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a 'green power' option. Because some utilities offer programs in conjunction with cooperative associations or otherpublicly owned power entities, the number of distinct programs totals about 125. Through these programs, more than 40 million customers spanning 34 states have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricityrates for this service. This report presents year-end 2004 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities as benchmarks by which to gauge the success of their green power programs.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages45
    StatePublished - 2005

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-620-38800


    • customer-acquisition costs
    • electricity customers
    • green power
    • green power products
    • green pricing
    • marketing costs
    • null
    • null
    • public power
    • RECS
    • renewable energy certificates
    • renewable energy supplies
    • utilities


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